Coffee brewing is an ancient practice that is still enjoyed by people around the world. From the slow and leisurely ritual of making a pot of Turkish coffee to the science-driven precision of espresso extraction, brewing coffee can vary greatly from culture to culture. Baristas from around the world have their own unique spin on their coffee-making methods, and there is something to be learned from each of these techniques. From hand-brewed filter coffee in Japan to siphon pots in Thailand, baristas around the globe have been pushing the boundaries of the way coffee is brewed. Understanding the varying coffee brewing processes from around the world can open a window into the culture of the country, inspiring baristas with new ideas and techniques with which to approach brewing. By learning more about the coffee brewing practices of other countries, baristas can create their own unique experiences in the realm of coffee-making.
Coffee has become a worldwide phenomenon due to its unique flavor, aroma, and health benefits. Coffee consumption has gradually increased over the years, making it one of the most popular drinks in the world. The rise of Barista culture has also contributed to the widespread popularity of coffee. A Barista is a person who specializes in preparing and serving espresso-based drinks. Chemex-brewed coffee, pour-over coffee, latte art, the usage of specialty coffee grinders, and creating signature espresso in mokapots are among the various techniques practiced by Baristas around the world. Baristas take great pride in mastering the craft of creating a variety of coffee drinks. The variety of coffee drinks makes it easier for people to find a flavor that they prefer. The world-wide love affair with coffee also has something to do with its rich history. Coffee has been enjoyed around the world for centuries, and its cultural significance has grown over time. Today, coffee can be found in almost every city around the world. Cafes have become commonplace, and Baristas are becoming increasingly skilled at creating professional-grade coffee. The popularity of coffee is supported by the high demand for barista-prepared drinks and the wide variety of coffee flavors that appeal to nearly everyone.
Barista practices vary greatly from country to country, from culture to culture, but some commonalities do exist. In many parts of the world, baristas strive to provide a positive social experience through their interactions with customers. This could include small talk, compliments on the customer’s drink order, and friendly recommendations on other offerings. In some places, baristas are also expected to personally make and serve every cup, as opposed to relying on automated machines. Additionally, many baristas will often take the extra step to present drinks with a creative flair—sometimes making latte art or even incorporating drinks into theatrical performances. In certain regions, baristas are also expected to be knowledgeable about the history and culture of coffee, so they can provide customers with unique insight into their beverage of choice.
Origin and Historical Background
The art of coffee-making, otherwise known as the barista profession, has a long and varied history that has been influenced by different cultures throughout the world. Baristas around the world have adopted many unique practices that reflect the history and culture of their region. In Europe, coffee houses were popularized in the 1600s and 1700s, becoming a social center where people could gather to share news, ideas, and music. This helped to create the craft of coffee-making within the region. As with many other parts of the world, Espresso making originated in Italy and is still popular in many European coffee houses and cafes today. In the Americas, coffee houses have been popular since the 1700s, with the first coffeehouse in New York dating back to 1792. The French-influenced cafe au lait is still popular in America today, as are cappuccinos and macchiatos, which were made popular by Italian immigrants. In Australia, baristas have evolved the craft of coffee-making to a art by using an espresso-based drinks as the basis for flavor-infused coffee. The use of cold-brewed coffee is also popular Down Under, with local baristas blending ingredients such as fresh mint, ginger, and cocoa into the brew for unique flavor combinations. The history of the barista profession is always evolving with the current culture, but the fundamental principles of creating a delicious cup of coffee have remained the same. From its inception, the profession has always been centered around a deep understanding of the coffee bean – its origins, its flavor profiles, and the best ways to extract its flavors.
The history of coffee dates back to at least the 9th century AD in the area now known as Ethiopia, where it was discovered in the highlands of the Kaffa region. Traders from Africa and the Middle East took coffee to the Arabian Peninsula, where it was initially served as a medicinal beverage before it spread to the rest of the world. Coffee is said to have reached Europe in the 17th century, where it was initially used as a religious offering before becoming popular among the general public. Barista practices have evolved since coffee’s introduction to the world in many regions around the world. In the Middle East, coffee was traditionally prepared in an ibrik, which is a long-handled pot with a spout where boiling water is added to the finely ground coffee. In Italy, where coffee is deeply ingrained in the country’s culture, cappuccinos, espresso, lattes, and other drinks are popular. In the United States, coffee chains like Starbucks have popularized varieties of drip coffee beverages, as well as iced coffees, cappuccinos, and other espresso drinks. In other parts of the world, different types of coffee drinks have become popular as well, such as Turkish coffee and Vietnamese iced coffee. Regardless of how it’s made, coffee has become one of the world’s most loved and consumed beverages.
Early barista practices typically included making coffee using traditional methods such as a stovetop, hand grinder, and stovetop espresso machines. Barista practices from around the world vary based on country, but some common practices are grinding fresh coffee beans with a blade or burr grinder, properly tamping and dosing the ground coffee in the basket, and the use of various techniques to extract a perfect espresso shot. Other barista practices, such as steaming milk for drinks like lattes and cappuccinos require a bit more skill, as the barista must accurately time and monitor the temperature of the milk while swirling and frothing it into artful shapes. Barista practices from around the world also emphasize presentation and customer service, as the care taken to craft the best-tasting coffee with the best cup of presentation adds to the experience.
Understanding the Barista Language
The Barista Language is a euphemism for a set of non-verbal clues used by baristas to communicate with customers and fellow baristas. Baristas from different regions may have different gestures for different orders, such as making the shape of a heart in the air for a heart-shaped cappuccino. Although these gestures may not be understood by everyone, they are used to establish a bit of common understanding in the stressful world of barista-customer interaction.
Barista language also includes body language. A barista’s body language speaks volumes about their attitude and professionalism. Smiling, making eye contact, and maintaining a friendly posture can all go a long way to create a pleasant experience for customers.
In sum, barista language encompasses the various non-verbal cues, hand gestures, and body language that baristas may use around the world to communicate with customers in order to create a smooth running, professional workplace.
There are a few common terms that a barista might use that are used around the world to describe the different techniques and actions used when crafting an espresso beverage.
1. “Pulling a shot”: This term refers to the process of extracting espresso from an espresso machine. Baristas “pull” shots by grinding the coffee beans, tamping them into the portafilter, and then locking the portafilter into the espresso machine.
2. “Tamping”: Tamping is the process of packing the coffee grounds into the portafilter before the shot is pulled.
3. “Crema”: Crema is the layer of foam that sits on top of an espresso shot. It is created when the pressure of the espresso machine releases properly-grounded coffee and hot water, creating a flavorful and aromatic combination.
4. “Latte Art”: Latte art is a process whereby baristas pour steamed milk into the espresso shot in order to create a pattern or design. This is a highly skilled technique often used to add an artistic element to beverages.
5. “Dialing in”: Baristas “dial in”, or adjust, the grind size of their espresso machine to ensure optimal extraction of the espresso shot. This is done by simply adjusting the grind size until the desired flavor is achieved.
Differences in coffee lingo across the globe
Differences in coffee lingo can be seen in baristas all around the world. In some countries, like the United States and Canada, the term “barista” typically denotes a person who makes espresso drinks. However, in other countries like Italy, the term “barista” is used to refer to anyone who works at a coffee shop. Additionally, some countries use different bases for espresso drinks than are used in North America. For example, in France the espresso is prepared using robusta beans, while in Italy the espresso is made with a blend of Arabica and Robusta beans.
In terms of brewing techniques, countries have different methods that they use to prepare coffee. For example, espresso machines in North America are often lever-operated, while in other countries they may be pump-operated. Additionally, some countries offer coffee drinks that originate from their local region, like cappuccinos and lattes in Italy, and cortados and galões in Portugal.
No matter the country, baristas everywhere take pride in their craft. It is important for baristas to understand the nuances found between different countries in order to properly present and serve the coffee they make.
Core Barista Skills: Global Perspective
Barista skills with a global perspective refer to the understanding and appreciation for coffee brewing and serving customs of different countries and cultures. A barista with a global perspective will be able to accurately identify the traditional flavors and brewing styles of different countries and regions around the world. By studying these traditional methods, a barista can then create original beverages informed by this international taste palette.
A barista with a global perspective will also have an understanding of special equipment used for brewing and serving coffee around the world, such as Italian espresso machines and Turkish coffee pots. Beyond the tools, a person with this perspective will also be influenced by local customs for enjoying beverages, including the Japanese practice of preparing matcha or the Spanish custom of serving hot chocolate and espresso over ice.
Having a global perspective serves to expand a barista’s range of flavor combinations and techniques for serving coffee, allowing them to offer customers something inspiring and unique. Through the lens of international influences, baristas can continually find creative ways to bring people “the world in a cup.”
The skills an expert Barista needs
1. Excellent customer service: A Barista needs to be able to provide an excellent customer experience by being friendly, approachable and engaging.
2. Creative coffee drinks: A Barista should possess a creative flair for coming up with innovative methods for preparing coffee drinks, from classic espresso based drinks to more modern and exotic concoctions.
3. Attention to detail: A great Barista needs to have a keen eye and precise technique when preparing coffee drinks to ensure the best, consistent results every time.
4. Knowledge of coffee science: An expert Barista needs to be knowledgeable about the science behind the art of coffee making, from the different flavor profiles of different bean origins, to the importance of water quality and temperature.
5. Maintenance and cleaning: A Barista should understand the importance of maintaining and cleaning the espresso machine, and other coffee-making equipment, to ensure optimal performance.
6. Latte art: Many Baristas of the highest talent level create stunning works of art with their coffee. Latte art is an essential skill for a professional Barista to have.
Regional differences and unique skills connected to cultural traditions
Barista practices around the world often reflect regional and cultural differences. For example, in Italy, the art of being a barista is taken very seriously. The training process can be very lengthy, with Italian baristas learning the nuances that come with the job. They learn how to prepare and formulate espressos, cappuccinos, and other coffee-based drinks, which are often tailored to individual preferences. Baristas in Italy also learn the art of latte art, which is achieved by pouring steamed milk and espresso into coffee cups and creating intricate designs.
In Japan, barista practices are heavily influenced by the country’s culture and customs. For example, many Japanese baristas use calligraphy-style printing to create latte art, which is thought to bring luck and good fortune. Additionally, tea ceremonies are an important part of their barista practices. They pour tea into wooden cups and present it with great ritualistic gestures.
In the Middle East, baristas use a device called a dallah to hand-brew coffee. This is a traditional coffee pot that consists of a pot, cup, and filter. As the barista brews the coffee, they hold the dallah in the air and pour the steaming liquid into small cups in a circular motion. Regional coffee blends are also popular in the Middle East, and they are blended with cardamom, cinnamon, rosewater, and other spices.
Coffee Preparation Techniques Across the Globe
Across the globe, baristas have developed a number of unique coffee preparation techniques and recipes. While espresso is a popular preparation technique in many parts of the world, in other regions, more specific and traditional methods prevail.
In Portugal, baristas typically prepare their coffee with one of two popular coffee brewing methods – Galão and Moka. To make a traditional Galão, espresso is added to a cup of foamed milk, creating a balanced, creamy coffee with a mild flavor. To make a Moka coffee, barista combines hot water and ground coffee in two different vessels, allowing the hot water to filter through the coffee grounds to produce an intense, aromatic cup of coffee.
In Australia and New Zealand, the classic flat white is one of the most popular coffee beverages. To make a flat white, espresso is made with a slightly smaller dose of coffee than used for a latte and the barista steams the milk quickly, adding a thin microfoam layer to the top. This preparation method creates a strong coffee with an intense flavor.
In Greece and Cyprus, frappe coffee is a popular and refreshing way to enjoy coffee. To make a frappe coffee, the barista adds cold water and ice cubes to a cup, followed by a shot of espresso and a few spoonfuls of sugar or sweetener. The beverage is blended until it is a bubbly, frothy consistency and served in a tall glass.
An exploration of espresso preparation – Italy
In Italy, espresso is an important part of many people’s daily routine. As such, the scene of espresso preparation can be quite different to that of other countries. In Italy, baristas strive to craft the perfect espresso that is tailored to the preferences of the customer. When making an espresso, baristas in Italy pay close attention to the quality and origin of the beans used, the grind size of the beans, the temperature of the water used, and the size and pressure of the shots. They may also use tools such as the tampers to produce flavor bars on the surface of the coffee. In larger Italian cities, an effort is often made to display and highlight a unique latte art.
Ultimately, the Italian barista craft focuses on creating a flavorful, consistent, and pleasurable espresso experience. They take pride in perfecting their craft and showing their mastery of the skill. This can be seen in the history, culture, and skill that surround the traditions of espresso preparation in Italy.
Turkish coffee brewing – Turkey
Turkish coffee brewing is an ancient art, originally from the country of Turkey. It is one of the oldest brewing methods and is an integral part of Turkish culture. It involves a process that results in a strong-tasting full-bodied coffee, made in individual servings. The brewing itself is a unique ritual that revolves around a century-old tradition.
To make a Turkish coffee, the beans are finely ground and boiled in a pot or cezve, along with sugar and water. As the coffee boils the foam rises to the top and is carefully removed and set aside. This foam is considered to be the most essential part of the taste experience and must not be stirred back into the mixture. It is served in an espresso cup and can be drank right away or with a spoonful of foam on top.
In terms of barista practices, Turkish coffee brewing requires skill, technique, and knowledge of the unique tradition. As such, baristas who specialize in it must be experienced and knowledgeable about both the materials and method involved. Moreover, because Turkish coffee is very unique, baristas must be able to adjust the brewing parameters according to each individual’s taste, in order to make a delicious and satisfying cup of Turkish coffee.
Unique practice of “touba” coffee – Senegal
“Touba” coffee is an artisanal coffee practice which originated in Senegal, West Africa. This unique preparation method involves roasting the green coffee beans over charcoal, then allowing them to steep in boiling water before finally being filtered and served. It is traditionally enjoyed without any additions, providing a unique and strong cup of coffee. In terms of barista practices, touba coffee provides a complex, multi-faceted infusion step which is very different from other forms of preparation. This gives it a unique flavor and texture, making it an interesting part of a modern barista’s repertoire.
Specialty coffee brewing styles – Japan
The Japanese style of specialty coffee brewing is a relatively recent phenomenon and is characterized by a focus on precision. In addition to a variety of specialty coffee brewing equipment such as Hario V60 pour-over, Aeropress, Syphon, and French press, Japanese Barista practices also often include more personalized techniques. This includes experimenting with different grind sizes, different brew temperatures, and different infusion times. Japanese baristas also frequently make use of techniques such as vacuum-sealing the coffee grounds to ensure constant brewing conditions as well as vigorous stirring of the coffee grounds before pouring. These techniques allow Barista to experiment with flavor nuances and to ensure consistently delicious cups of coffee.
Art of Drip brewing – America
The art of drip brewing is a method used by baristas and coffee enthusiasts around the world to make a cup of coffee. It involves pouring hot water gradually over a set of grounds and allowing the hot water to slowly extract the beans’ flavor into a delicious cup of coffee. This method has become quite popular in America since the early 2000s because of its unique, flavorful characteristics and the amount of control that it gives the barista over the flavor and strength of the cup. In the hands of a barista experienced with this method, the flavor of the final cup can be adjusted and perfected to personal preferences. As well as being popular in the US, this drip-brewing technique has become popular in many coffee-drinking nations throughout the world, allowing baristas from around the world to enjoy and prepare coffee in their own particular style.
Art of Latte Designs
The art of latte designs is a growing trend among baristas all over the world. It involves creating intricate and visually stunning designs by pouring milk and espresso into the cup to create a colorful 3D art. Baristas use a variety of techniques such as free pour, etching, and latte art stencils to create custom art for their customers. The practice of latte designs has quickly become a top request in coffee shops, with people often taking pictures of the work to share on social media.
Latte art originated in Italy but it has quickly spread around the globe with established barista competitions in several countries. Baristas build their skills, compete, showcase their work, and perfect their craft. In the competition setting, the baristas not only compete to create the most stunning designs but also for the judges’ evaluation. The latte art designs also take on much more complicated shapes and often require a high level of skill.
The art of latte designs is both impressive and beautiful. It can be used to add a personal touch or put a unique spin on traditional coffee drinks. Whether it is adding a heart or swan design to the cup of coffee or crafting intricate patterns, this art form adds a unique creative flair to any cup.
Introduction to the importance of latte art
Latte art is a method of preparing and presenting espresso-based drinks by creating patterns and designs on the top surface of foam created from steamed milk. It has become a critical part of the barista craft over the past few decades, and has become increasingly popular around the world. In many coffee cultures, latte art is seen as the visual representation of the quality of coffee that is served, and is often presented as part of the tasting experience.
Latte art often adds to the customer experience in that it allows for an aesthetic component to the presentation of coffee beyond simply the taste. As a result, baristas often get creative in their designs and use a variety of techniques and tools to draw shapes and figures in the foam. In addition to being an artistic medium, latte art also serves to bring attention to the flavor and quality of the coffee itself. By presenting an attractive and artistic cup of coffee, it can help increase the perception of value and appreciation for the product.
Baristas from around the world often participate in competitions to showcase their latte art skills, and many coffee shops have adopted latte art as part of their aesthetic brand. In recent years, latte art has risen in prominence across the coffee industry as part of the artisanal coffee movement, and continues to be a significant point of interest in the barista world.
Internationally recognized latte designs
Many baristas in the coffee industry are celebrated internationally for their creativity in creating latte art designs. Latte art is an art form in which espresso and steamed milk is poured into a coffee cup in such a way that a pattern of designs, typically depicting flowers, animals, or other scenes, is formed to create an aesthetically pleasing presentation to the drink.
Latte art is one of the ultimate tests of a barista’s skill and creativity and has become deeply integrated into the coffee culture around the world. Furthermore, the demand for creative and unique latte designs is increasing in many places. Professional competitions are now regularly held to judge barista latte designs, where renowned coffee masters travel to different parts of the world to share their knowledge and experience from their own cultures.
At the same time, many baristas are combining the art of latte design with other creative outlets such as hand-lettering and painting. This introduces a new dimension to the practice, allowing baristas to tell stories and communicate messages with their designs. This is beginning to spark a new trend in the latte art scene – personalised coffee designs!
Uniquely regional latte designs
In many countries, baristas take pride in infusing local design sensibilities into the drinks they serve. In several countries, custom latte art is used to showcase regional styles of decoration. Cafes in Turkey, for instance, may feature tulips, the national flower, or intense geometric designs which draw from traditional Ottoman motifs. In Japan, baristas create elegant, high-precision traditional imagery like cherry blossoms. Australian cafes often incorporate indigenous artwork into their drinks, while Italian cafes craft beautifully intricate swirls of creamy milk atop each latte. In Mexico, baristas feature agavero spirits and patterned hearts in lieu of traditional decor. Regional lattes bring together traditional art, culture, and design to create a unique visual appeal.
Worldwide Coffee and Cafe culture
Coffee and cafe culture around the world is varied and unique, with each country embracing different practices and styles.
Baristas in places like Italy, the birthplace of the espresso, are experts in the art of foaming and crema and generally take pride in crafting an excellent espresso-based beverage. Some specialized knowledge includes understanding the different types of coffee beans (Arabica, Robusta, etc) and learning how to adjust different equipment settings to get the most out of the coffee beans for each espresso-based drink.
In Japan, matcha green tea is a traditional beverage and popular amongst the coffee loving culture. Some baristas add matcha to their espresso-based lattes to create something a little different.
In the United States, baristas are often known for their signature creations like flavoured mochas, root beer lattes and even bubble tea lattes. Many independent and alternative cafes are all about experimental coffee creations and often encourage baristas to have fun with ingredients like cacao, lavender, spices and bitters.
And in Australia, coffee culture is all about the flat white, a coffee drink made with espresso and hot steamed milk with no foam or crema. This drink has taken the world by storm, and has transformed itself into a style of coffee making all its own.
Overall, coffee and cafe culture around the world is a vibrant and constantly evolving part of our everyday lives, supported by the passionate bar
Traditional Coffee houses in Vienna – Austria
In Vienna, traditional coffee houses have become cultural institutions, where patrons can spend hours enjoying the art of coffee brewing. Baristas from Vienna use a special method of brewing called Pot Pourri, which is a combination of Arabica beans and dark roasts. The Vienna style of brewing creates a cup of coffee that is full-bodied, flavorful and often served with a generous layer of cream. Baristas in Vienna often take a holistic approach to their art, favoring natural additives and coffee selections that are respectful of the environment. They are also picky when it comes to measurement and technique, making sure each step is done in a precise and careful manner. Out of respect for the craft and the customer, baristas in Vienna also take great pleasure in personalizing the experience for each guest, adding a friendly conversation or a tip to truly make it a unique occasion.
Third wave coffee shops – United States
Third wave coffee shops have rapidly become popular in the United States, particularly over the last decade. This is largely due to the increased consumer demand for high-end specialty coffee. These coffee shops usually strive to provide customers with single-origin, freshly roasted coffees.
Barista practices employed at third wave coffee shops make use of specialist equipment and techniques to brew coffees to a much higher degree of accuracy. Some of the devices used can go as far as controlling the time of extraction and water temperature, while others are more manual and require a barista to use their own judgement to extract the best possible taste and texture from the coffee.
In addition to this, baristas at third wave cafes receive much higher training and are expected to taste and evaluate the coffees offered, oftentimes in blind cuppings. This helps to ensure that the baristas serve an exceptional cup each and every time, providing customers with a consistently great coffee experience.
Australian local cafes – Australia
Barista practices are based on many cultural aspects of coffee, from the origin of the beans to the brewing process. In Australia, the traditional way of making coffee is espresso, which is made by forcing hot water at high pressure through finely ground coffee. This results in a concentrated coffee shot with a unique flavour. A popular way to enjoy espresso in Australia is by making a “flat white”, which consists of a double espresso and steamed milk. In addition, other popular specialty coffee drinks in Australia include cappuccinos, lattes, cold brews, and more.
Many cafes in Australia strive to maintain an atmosphere of “third wave” coffee practices, which gives extra attention to the quality of the coffee’s origin, roasting techniques, and brewing methods. There is an emphasis on the craft and skill of making coffee, with baristas often taking courses to perfect their craft.
As specialty coffee drinks continue to grow in popularity, Australia’s cafes and baristas are becoming increasingly creative in the ways of crafting unique coffee concoctions. While espresso still remains a popular choice, local cafes are always experimenting with new brews and ingredients to create new flavour combinations. These specialty drinks are often made with precision and an eye for presentation, making it easier for customers to recognize a well-made cup of coffee.
Kopi-tiam style coffee shops – Singapore
Kopi-tiams (sometimes spelled “Kopitiams”) are traditional Singaporean coffee shops that serve traditional local brewed coffee. They are found throughout Singapore, including in housing estates, markets, food courts, and shopping malls.
Kopi-tiams typically serve a variety of hot brewed coffee drinks, as well as snacks like mochi, dim sum, roti prata, kaya toast, and mee siam. Many times the coffee drinks will be served in glass mugs with saucers, which makes for a unique experience.
Since Kopi-tiams offer such a wide variety of coffees, it’s not uncommon for master baristas to work at them. Most baristas at Kopi-tiams are highly skilled and experienced, and many have worked at the same location for many years.
Kopi-tiam baristas have their own unique take on barista practices around the world. For instance, many of them are well versed in brewing exotic local coffees, such as Kopi Luwak (civet coffee). They are also adept at preparing unique, traditional-style coffee drinks like Kopi O and Kopi Susu (milk coffee).
Overall, Kopi-tiams offer a wonderful opportunity to discover traditional coffee culture and rich barista practices. If you ever visit Singapore, do take the time to visit one of these local coffee shops. Not only will you have a chance to try the unique, robust coffee and enjoy the traditional ambiance, but you’ll also get a glimpse into the daily life of Singaporeans.
Barista practices vary drastically across the world, and what you may consider ‘correct’ in one country may be seen as completely different in another. Differences range from the type of coffee used, the method of extraction, the order in which steps are followed, the use of other ingredients, and the type of equipment and materials used.
In the US, espresso is the most popular drink. Baristas use espresso machines to make it, and also to steam and froth whole or non-dairy milk for cappuccinos, lattes, and other variations. Baristas in the US may also create signature drinks, create latte art, and offer extras like flavored syrups or powders.
In Italy, espresso is the preferred drink and is often consumed standing up. Baristas in Italy are more likely to be found using traditional machines to extract and combine espresso shots with hot milk and/or steamed milk. The use of pre-extracted shot options from a push-button or lever is not typically seen.
In Ethiopia and other parts of Africa, traditional coffee brewing methods are still used in many local cafes. This typically involves roasting, grinding, and brewing the coffee using an ibrik (a long-handled pot), cloth filter, or a jebena (a clay pot).
Finally, in the Nordic countries, cold brew coffee is gaining in popularity. Cold brew coffee is made by steeping course-ground coffee beans
The rise of specialty coffee and coffee culture has added a new layer to the profession. Modern baristas are also expected to craft beautiful latte art and provide excellent customer service, sharing their knowledge and passion for coffee with customers. In this way, they have become ambassadors of coffee culture, educating the public about the value and complexity of specialty coffee. Despite these changes, the essence of the barista profession remains in the pursuit of the perfect cup of coffee – a quest for quality, taste, and the ultimate coffee experience. This fundamental principle continues to guide the evolution of the barista profession and ensures its enduring significance in the world of coffee.